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Ear reshaping surgery, also known as Otoplasty, Pinnaplasty and Ear Reduction Surgery, refers to a range of common cosmetic surgery procedures designed to correct the size and shape of the ear and earlobe. Typical procedures include:
Ear surgery can be used to treat many other ear deformities or abnormalities, such as to:
Time off work
A few days
After 1 day
After a few hours
After 2 weeks
2 - 4 weeks
Sleeping on back
2 - 4 weeks
The ears are a prominent feature of the face and having the ears in the right size, shape and position can have a major impact on the overall balance and aesthetic impact of the facial appearance.
Benefits can include:
Cadogan Clinic considers individuals fit for the procedure, if all of the following are true of them:
Words from our clients:
"I was extremely satisfied with the care and treatment I received at the Cadogan Clinic. My surgeon was friendly and informative and explained the procedure fully. My procedure went very well and with the excellent care of the nursing staff, I made a speedy and full recovery. Would recommend to anyone."Eva Berry
"At the beginning before the operation the nurse taking care of me made me feel so comfortable. The surgeon and anesthetist helped me feel so calm. Fantastic before and after treatment"Scarlett Elliott
"The girls on the reception at the clinic were very pleasant and professional. The nurse who took out my stitches after my surgery was just lovely and took me through step by step what she was doing and she also recommended a great cream to use to help with healing."Georgina Nolan
“I was treated with care and provided with thorough knowledge about the procedure I was undertaking. My surgeon was very methodical (a perfectionist) and I felt I received A class treatment."Courtney O'Sullivan
"Outstanding experience from the first appointment to being discharged. Very professional, friendly and a fantastic outcome."Gemma Stevenson
"Reception staff very welcoming and efficient. Both nurses who I dealt with were fantastic, and the whole team (anaesthetist, surgeon etc) were friendly but professional, and really put my mind at ease. That I was able to stay later than I perhaps needed after my surgery to fit in with my husbands schedule was greatly appreciated."Emma Davies
Otoplasty procedures are typically carried out under local anesthetic, but sometimes general.
Otoplasty procedures are typically carried out under local anesthetic, but sometimes general. This depends on the scale and complexity of the surgery and patient preference.
Otoplasty is more commonly known as ear reshaping surgery, and refers to a range of common cosmetic surgery procedures designed to correct the size and shape of the ear and earlobe, improving function and appearance.
There are three main types of ear correction, including pinnaplasty, ear reduction and ear correction. Otoplasty can also treat other ear deformities or abnormalities, including:
Here we shall look at the three main types of otoplasty.
Pinnaplasty is a common procedure to pin back prominent, protruding ears.
Common causes of sticking out ears include an underdeveloped antihelical fold, excessive cartilage in the concha or a combination of both.
This straightforward procedure sees the surgeon make an incision (cut) at the back of the ear before removing some skin from the cartilage. This cartilage is reshaped so the ear sits closer to the head. The wound is closed with stitches and a dressing is applied to the area.
During pinnaplasty, a surgeon can also correct ears which are not evenly shaped on both sides (asymmetrical).
It is a straightforward procedure and helps to restore a patient’s self-confidence if they are self-conscious about the size, shape or prominent appearance of their ears.
Ear pinning surgery is usually completed in less than an hour.
Pinnaplasty is usually carried out on children and young teenagers, although adults can also undergo ear pinning surgery. Pinnaplasty can be performed on children as young as six years old. This is often the ideal age to correct the ears as they have reached their adult size.
Ear pinning is not suitable for under fives as the ear cartilage is too soft to hold the stitches in place.
Ear reduction, as the name suggests, is a cosmetic procedure to reduce the size of the ears. Oversized ears, which are out of proportion with the rest of the face, can result in considerable anxiety and low self-esteem, which is why many people opt for this particular form of otoplasty.The medical term for disproportionally large ears is macrotia.
In ear reduction surgery, the surgeon will remove excess skin and cartilage to reshape and reduce the size of the upper or lower half of the ear, or the whole ear. Ear reduction surgery can be used to reduce the height and width of the ear. Ear reduction will help make oversized ears smaller, restoring a balanced appearance to the face.
Neurofibromatosis, a genetic disorder of the nervous system, can leave ears enlarged and sitting in the wrong place on the side of the head. Some lymph tissue growths can also alter the size of the ear, resulting in the need for ear reduction.
Ear reduction surgery can also help with the problem of stretched earlobes, a common problem caused by the frequent wearing of heavy jewellery, or so-called skin tunnels, large holes in the lobes created as a form of body modification.
Ear reduction surgery only focuses on the size of the ears. The procedure can be carried out alongside pinnaplasty if the ears are also protruding.
Ear reduction surgery delivers natural-looking results and can transform a patient’s self-confidence. This type of otoplasty can be performed on both adults and children.
Ear correction is the catch-all term used to describe surgery to correct deformities of the ear which have either been present from birth or caused by trauma.
Babies born with small or absent ears (microtia) will require ear correction surgery as the condition can affect their hearing. This can be done by using the child’s own tissue to reconstruct the ear, by placing a prosthetic framework under the skin or a prosthesis used above the skin.
Most ear-trauma injuries are caused by lacerations or biting, and such injuries require emergency treatment. The damaged ear is left to heal before reconstructive surgery is carried out. The techniques used are similar to those used to treat microtia.
‘Cauliflower ear’, caused by a pooling of blood in the outer ear, is a common ear problem which can benefit from ear correction surgery. If left untreated, the blood can become scarred and calcified, resulting in a thickened cauliflower ear. This condition is common among rugby players and boxers. A surgeon will treat a cauliflower ear by lifting the skin from the front of the ear, thinning out the thickened tissue to recreate the original shape of the ear.
A surgeon will have to carry out ear correction surgery in a case of skin cancer of the ear. This issue is dealt with by way of surgical excision and reconstruction.
Infections caused by ear piercings through the cartilage, such as a helix piercing, can cause a loss of ear structure. In some cases the surgeon may need to reconstruct the ear using cartilage taken from the ribs.
We have invited a selection of the country's very best consultants to join us at the Cadogan Clinic so that you can be sure that whatever the nature of your treatment, you will be seeing one of the top practitioners in the country.
Mr. David Gateley
Mr. Garrick Georgeu
Mr. Georgios Orfaniotis
Mr. Edmund Fitzgerald O’Connor
Mr. Hazim Sadideen
Mr. Paul Tulley
Below you will find some key information to help you prepare for surgery and make necessary arrangements to ensure you have the support you need and that everything runs smoothly on the day.
The first step for all of our otoplasty patients is to meet with the surgeon we feel is best placed to perform your procedure for a consultation. At the consultation you will be able to discuss with your surgeon what your hope to achieve from the procedure, as well as discuss in detail what may or may not be possible given your existing anatomy.
Your surgeon will take you through the options available to you, and which is the most preferential for you given your stated ambitions. Having established this, several key measurements will be made and standard clinical photography will be taken.
Some common questions to ask at your otoplasty consultation include:
If your surgeon feels you are a good candidate for surgery, you are then invited to consider whether you would like to proceed for surgery or otherwise following a two week 'cooling off' period.
Within this period you are welcome to come in and discuss your potential surgery with your surgeon as many times as you like.
02.Leading up to procedure
If you choose to proceed with surgery, the next time you come into the Clinic after your final consultation will be the day of your procedure. Before admission the following behavioural changes are recommended / required:
03.On the day
On the day of your procedure we ask that you arrive for your admission an hour before the agreed start time of surgery. At this point a nurse will come and record blood pressure and other relevant vitals, you will meet with your anaesthetist and your surgeon who will make the final mark-ups.
The procedure itself typically takes place under local anaesthetic over the course of one to two hours. First you will receive some anaesthesia in the ear region, then incisions will be made in several discrete areas, typically in the folds of the ear or on the back surface behind the ear.
Your surgeon will make a cut at the back of your ear and peel off some skin from the cartilage. They will change the shape of the cartilage so your ear lies closer to your head. If your ears are not symmetrical (evenly shaped on both sides) you surgeon may correct this as well. The technique they choose to use depends on the goals specific to your ear pinning procedure. After your surgeon reshapes the cartilage, they will secure it into its new position with permanent sutures. They will then close the wound discretely with stitches and apply a tight bandage around your head to stabilise the ears in their new position.
Any scarring should be well hidden behind the ear.
You should not feel much pain during the procedure, but you may have some for a few days or weeks afterwards. You'll be given painkillers if you need them.
Following the procedure, you will recover in our ambulatory recovery rooms for between one to two hours, dependent on the scale of the procedure. You will be wearing a head bandage to aid with your recovery.
Once our specialist nursing team are happy that your initial recovery is complete and you are safe to return home, you will be allowed to leave the Clinic accompanied by a friend or member of your family.
Once home you will have access to our dedicated on-call nursing team 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. This team of specialists are dedicated to your comfort and pain control, and are there to field any questions you may have in the immediate post operative phase.
We ask that you come in and see our nursing team 1 week after surgery to ensure your incision sites have been properly reviewed. At this juncture we also recommend you meet with one of our on site aestheticians to discuss ongoing treatment to support the healing and scarring process.
We ask that you come in to see your surgeon after 4 weeks for a final check up.
The Patient Journey. A breakdown of what you can expect on your journey with us
We are deeply invested in ensuring that every step of your surgical journey with us is as informative and reassuring to you as it can be. This article outlines what you can expect at each stage of the journeyThe Patient Journey
How does ear reshaping surgery work?
Surgery is typically performed under local anaesthetic, and can be completed in an hour or less.
There are many different techniques depending on whether your ear is being reshaped, resized or repositioned.
If your surgeon is aiming to pin your ears back closer to your head, your surgeon will start by making an incision along the crease-line behind your ear and remove any excess cartilage that is causing it to protrude. The ear is then pinned back along the fold to its new position, closer to the head.
Following the surgery, the area will be stitched up and a dressing wrapped around your head to support the cartilage in its new place.
Is ear reshaping surgery painful?
Ear reshaping surgery is carried out under local anaesthetic, meaning you will not feel any pain during the procedure itself.
There will be minimal pain or discomfort in the days after the surgery, but this can be controlled using over-the-counter painkillers. The stitches may come to the surface of the skin which may make the ear feel tender. Any pain or discomfort should have disappeared by two weeks post-surgery. You will be fully recovered from your ear reshaping procedure by four weeks.
It is vital that you follow all the aftercare instructions issued by your surgeon. Failure to do so may hamper the healing process.
Are my ear shaping surgery results permanent and when will I see the results?
Ear shaping results are permanent, so long as you follow the post-surgery care instructions issued by your surgeon, such as wearing a head bandage for several days if required to help your ears heal in their new position.
You should see results from your surgery almost immediately, but typically we recommend waiting for between one and two weeks to allow any bruising or swelling to subside, before you can expect to see your full results. You should expect a full recovery from otoplasty by four weeks.
Do I need to wear a bandage after ear surgery?
We regard the healing cartilage like a healing bone and need to splint the ear in its new position as it heals.
We therefore provide all patients with a head bandage after surgery that must be worn for between 5 – 7 days.
If the surgery does not involve the cartilage, then a head bandage is not a requirement and the stitches can be masked with simple tape.
Is there any downtime after ear reshaping surgery treatment?
There is very little downtime after ear reshaping surgery.
We recommend you take a week off work, during which time you will need to wear a head bandage day and night to support the wound.
Your ears may be a little bruised and swollen during this time, and you will need to keep wearing the bandage support at night for at least 3 weeks.
Any discomfort is easily managed with painkillers, and normal washing and bathing is possible within a week.
You should make a full recovery anywhere between 4 to 6 weeks after surgery.
Will there be any visible scarring after my ear reshaping surgery?
The most common place for an otoplasty scar is behind the ear. Although some scarring is inevitable, our skilled surgeons make the required incisions in the natural folds and lines of the ears, meaning these scars will not be visible. The scars will fade naturally over time.
Occasionally the scars become raised and pink in colour (hypertrophic), but this will settle over the following months. Patients who have undergone otoplasty may develop keloid scars. This is more common in people with darker skin. But it is rare to develop this type of scar after ear reshaping surgery.
What is the difference between an otoplasty and a pinnaplasty?
Otoplasty and Pinnaplasty are two technical names that are used interchangeably to reference cosmetic ear reshaping surgery.
When can I wear glasses again after a pinnaplasty?
You will need to wear a headband for 5 to 7 days to ensure your ears are maintained in the correct position post-surgery, and for up to a month at night after surgery whilst you are sleeping.
You can therefore expect to be wearing your glasses after 3 weeks after surgery, but can take longer. You should therefore consider buying prescription contact lenses for this time period.
Will an otoplasty affect my hearing?
It is extremely unlikely that an otoplasty procedure will negatively affect your hearing. Ear pinning will not improve your hearing either.
The ear is made up of three parts: the outer ear (the pinna), the middle ear and the inner ear. All three parts contribute to hearing, but this is mainly down to the middle and inner ear. As otoplasty surgery only concerns the outer ear, it is very unlikely that surgery to this area will affect your hearing.
Can I get a pinnaplasty on the NHS?
Ear correction surgery may be possible on the NHS, particularly for children who need it for therapeutic (medical) reasons.
Cosmetic ear reshaping surgery is not possible on the NHS, except in very rare circumstances where severe psychological distress can be evidenced.
Can children have ear pinning surgery?
Although prominent or abnormal ears do not cause any hearing difficulties, they can be a source of bullying for children. It is therefore quite common for children to have an ear pinning.
Children should be 6 years of age or older since at this point the ears have fully matured. It is also preferable to wait for an age when a child is able to express their unhappiness with their appearance, and personally wish to have the position or shape of their ears corrected.
There are no differences in the surgical techniques used for children and adults, although children are more likely to have the procedure done under a general anaesthetic.
Can I get ear surgery for stretched ears?
Yes, it is possible to get surgery to repair stretched ears and stretched earlobes. The success of the surgery depends on how much the earlobe has stretched out of its natural position. Stretched ears typically develop with the onset of age but wearing heavy ear jewellery for long periods of time can also cause stretching.
Ear surgery is a quick and effective procedure to reverse stretched ears and can be carried out within an hour.
What are the risks of pinnaplasty?
Otoplasty is minor surgery and complications are typically those associated with such surgery. This can include:
What is ear augmentation and how is it different?
Ear augmentation is a procedure to enlarge small ears. This particular type of otoplasty can help to rectify asymmetry of the ears.
Ear augmentation will require synthetic or autologous implants. When a synthetic implant is used, it is covered with a skin graft. The autologous method involves using the patient’s own cartilage, taken from the ribs, which will eventually fuse with the ear. This method is less likely to result in rejection.
Ear augmentation is used to treat microtia, a defect present from birth in which the patient has an abnormally small or malformed ear. This condition can vary in severity.
Ear augmentation is also used to treat a condition called constricted ear, otherwise known as a cupped or lop ear, in which the top rim of the ear is folded over. This condition is caused by a shortage of skin, cartilage or sometimes both.
Ear augmentation surgery is typically carried out on children. The method used depends on the age of the child. Book a consultation with one of our expert surgeons to discuss the available options.
Founded in 2004 by world renowned plastic surgeon Mr Bryan Mayou, we now work with over 100 leading consultants and successfully treat over 20,000 patients each year. We have been winning industry awards since inception.About Us
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Complications are rare although, as with all surgery, possible. Your surgeon will discuss each of these risks comprehensively at your consultation. Read our FAQ section for more information.
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