Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a blood clot that develops within a deep vein in the body, usually in the leg.

Deep Vein Thrombosis can cause swelling and pain in the leg but often occurs without giving any symptoms. A DVT may well settle completely as the thrombosis is dissolved by the body naturally. However, if a DVT extends up the deep veins it can become dislodged from the vein, and get carried through the main veins and heart to lodge in the lungs - also known as a pulmonary embolism. Small pulmonary emboli may cause chest pain, and sometimes coughing up of blood. Multiple or larger pulmonary emboli may cause breathlessness. A large pulmonary embolism which blocks the main blood vessels to the lungs can be fatal.

The thrombosis can also cause chronic blockage in the deep veins or damage to their valves, leading to long term swelling and sometimes skin problems at the ankle. 

Due to the inherent complexity of the many vascular disorders, there may be more than one way of managing a particular condition. For this reason, when planning a procedure, your consultant will discuss all the treatment options in a multidisciplinary team meeting, to ensure that all perspectives are considered before recommending a course of action to a patient

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