What is androgen deficiency and how is it different to male menopause?

Androgens are steroid hormones with play very important effects on muscle, fat, skin, hair and brain. Although they play important roles in both men and women, they are produced in much larger quantities in men.

In men after puberty, the vast majority of androgens are produced by the testicles, mainly as testosterone. Androgen deficiency can occur in men of all ages, even in children and adolescents, as a result of testicular damage, genetic disorders or metabolic disorders or the administration of certain medications.

It's very important that young patients receive expert assessment by an endocrinologist at an early stage and receive androgen replacement therapy. This is established medical practice and uncontroversial, unlike androgen supplementation therapy in PADAM ('partial androgen deficiency of the ageing male').

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