Varicose veins are enlarged veins that can be painful and may even cause swelling of the ankles. They typically form in the legs and are caused by malfunctioning vein valves, which don’t allow the blood to flow backwards. As a result, superficial veins carrying high-pressure blood from the deeper system become affected. Varicose veins show as the typical 'blue road map' pattern of lumpy veins seen showing under the skin.

Typically, people with varicose veins can experience pain, aches, cramping, swelling, itching or skin marks, or a combination of these. Some factors that can worsen the condition include walking or standing for prolonged periods of time. Pregnancy and genetics can also cause varicose veins. Chronic high pressure in these veins can cause skin changes including thread veins and brown pigmentation (lipodermatosclerosis), and if left untreated, the condition may progress to severe skin changes and ulceration of the leg around the ankle.

Whether you suffer from small or large varicose veins, and regardless of the symptoms they are causing, you may be able to benefit from getting them treated. Treatment options can include:

  • ClariVein - a revolutionary procedure which treats the cause of varicose veins more quickly and simply, requiring one injection as opposed to the multiple requires by traditional procedures.
  • Endovenous laser therapy (EVLT) - a new method of treating varicose veins without surgery. Instead of tying and removing the abnormal veins they are heated by a laser. The heat kills the walls of the veins and the body then naturally absorbs the dead tissue.
  • Foam and micro injection of varicose and flare veins (Sclerotherapy) - a medical procedure whereby a chemical is injected into a vein to entirely obliterate it. This chemical damages the innermost lining of the vessel, resulting in a clot that blocks the blood circulation in the vein beyond.
  • VNUS Closure-Fast (Radiofrequency ablation) - a minimally invasive treatment for superficial venous reflux. A thin catheter is inserted into the vein through a small opening. The catheter delivers thermal energy to the vein wall, causing it to heat, collapse, and seal shut.
  • Lifestyle advice to improve vascular health - we know that there are risk factors that speed up the process of vascular disease and make some people more likely to develop this condition. Changing certain lifestyle factors such a stopping smoking, losing weight and lowering your cholesterol can all help.

Our Vascular (Vein) Clinic in London is led by Mr Ian Franklin, one of London's top vascular surgeons and a leading specialist in vascular and endovascular surgery.

Due to the inherent complexity of the many vascular disorders, there may be more than one way of managing a particular condition. For this reason, when planning a procedure, Mr Franklin will discuss all the treatment options in a multidisciplinary team meeting, to ensure that all perspectives are considered before recommending a course of action to a patient.

Varicose Veins Results

Click here to view our gallery of before and after and Varicose Veins


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Mr. Ian Franklin
Mr. Ian Franklin

Vascular Surgeon

Vascular surgeon and leading specialist in vascular and endovascular surgery, performing the highest volume of VNUS Closure procedures in the UK to date