Skin Cancer

Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the UK, resulting in 2,500 fatalities each year. The diagnosis of skin cancer is predicted to rise at an alarming rate over the next decade due to an ageing population combined with holidays abroad and a trend for tanning.

Skin cancer is caused by exposure to ultraviolet rays –UVA and UVB rays. Other factors also contribute to the development of skin cancer such as genetics, a history of childhood sunburn, multiple atypical moles, prolonged exposure to UV rays, fair skin and outdoor-related work.

It is imperative that individuals monitor their moles on a regular basis to identify any changes at the earliest possible stage. Early diagnosis is essential in all types of skin cancer as it will drastically impact the outcome and recovery of an individual.

The two most common forms of non-melanoma skin cancer are:

Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) which accounts for 75% of skin cancer. It may appear as a small lump with a translucent appearance or a red, scaly patch. It may slowly grow bigger, become crusty, start bleeding or turn into a painless ulcer.

Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) accounts for approximately 20% of skin cancer and appears as a firm lump (usually pink in colour) with a rough, crusty or scaly surface. It can be sore to touch, bleed easily and may develop into an ulcer.

Related Treatments:

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