Eczema is a chronic, dry skin condition which affects 1 in 5 people which accounts for up to 90% of occupational skin diseases in the UK. The skin can become red, itchy, cracked and inflamed, and in severe cases, it may weep, crust and even bleed.

Eczema irritants may include exposure to household products (cleaning agents, soaps), pet hair, food or pollen allergies, diet, and stress. Genetics and the environment can also influence the development of eczema. Each case is unique, and the symptoms and triggers can dramatically vary from person to person. The patches are itchy.

Most of the people who develop this condition before 5 years may still exhibit symptoms in adulthood.

In infants, the appearance of rashes is the main symptom. Adults may have permanently itchy rashes which cover most parts of the body.

Symptoms of eczema vary with the age of the individual. This condition is common in infants and manifests in the form of scaly patches on the skin.

The symptoms of eczema can also be triggered by certain foods like dairy products and nuts. It can also be caused by environmental factors such as pollen and smoke. This condition is not contagious, and treatment aims to repair damaged skin and relieve the symptoms.

Eczema most commonly appears on the hands, backs of knees, inside of elbows, face, and scalp, but it can also present over the entire body. It occurs due to the weakening of the body's immunity making it susceptible to irritants.

There is no cure for the many different types of eczema, but there is a wide range of treatment options available to treat the symptoms and related effects such as scarring and skin discoloration.

These treatments include topical creams, antibiotics, antihistamines, and antiviral drugs. In some people, eczema goes away on its own, but it may be a lifelong condition in others.

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