Can circumcision reduce the risk of a sexually transmitted infections?

Some sexually transmitted infections appear more common in uncircumcised men. Two particular concerns for circumcised men are that:

1. It's unclear whether male circumcision can help prevent sexually transmitted infections (STIs). While men are less likely to notice the symptoms of the STI chlamydia (an incidence which is increasing in the UK), heightens their risk of passing it on, there have been several studies into male circumcision and the risk of other STIs, but the evidence to date has been inconclusive and conflicting. Circumcised males also appear more likely to develop penile warts.

2. In regards to HIV/AIDS, there is conflicting advice. There have been several trials carried out in Africa that suggested that circumcised men have a lower risk of acquiring HIV from infected women, however the international not-for-profit health organisation the Cochrane Collaboration reviewed all the research into circumcision and HIV and concluded that there is insufficient evidence to support the idea that circumcised men have less chance of contracting HIV. To date there is no solid conculsion either way.

Evidence shows that men can reduce the risk of an STDs by using a condom.

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